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send - send a message (only available within the message handling system,
send [options] [file...]
Directs send to consult the named files for alias definitions. More
than one file, each preceded by -alias, can be named. See mh-alias(4)
for more information.
Specifies that the current draft is the message to be sent. If you do
not give a file argument, send will query whether the current draft is
the file that you intend to send. You can suppress this question by
using this option.
Specifies the draft folder from which the draft message is taken. The
send command will search the specified folder for the draft message and
will deliver it to the specified recipients. The current message in the
named folder is used. If you wish to use another message, you can use
the -draftmessage option with -draftfolder. If there is no current
draft message in the specified folder, send will display an error
Specifies the draft message to be used. If you specify a folder with
the -draftfolder option, the -draftmessage option takes the number of a
message in that folder. If you do not specify a folder, -draftmessage
takes the name of a file. If you do not give an absolute pathname (one
beginning with / or ./ or ../ ), -draftmessage assumes that the file is
located in your Mail directory.
Filters (re-formats) messages sent to blind copy recipients.
Recipients named in the Bcc: field usually receive a new message which
includes a copy of a message sent to the other recipients. If this
option is given, this copy of the message is filtered according to the
instructions in the named file. The default is -nofilter.
Replaces each of the entries in the To: and cc: fields with standard
format entries. This standard format is designed to be usable by all of
the message handlers on the various systems around the Internet. If
-noformat is given, then headers are output exactly as they appear in
the message draft. The default is -format.
Forwards a copy of a draft message that cannot be sent to the sender.
This option can only be used with the -push option. If you have
specified -push and the draft message cannot be sent, a failure notice
is generated and sent to you. If you also give this option, a copy of
the problem message is forwarded with the failure notice. This differs
from putting send in the background, because the output is trapped and
analyzed by MH. This is the default behavior. It can be suppressed by
specifying the -noforward option.
Prints a list of the valid options to this command.
Adds a Message-ID: field to the message.
Specifies the mail system over which mail is sent. The only value
allowed is smtp, which is the standard mail system. Additional values
are supported only for use with other mail systems.
Instructs send to perform its actions in the background. If a draft
fails to be sent, a failure notice is generated and sent to the sender
of the problem message. If you also specify the -forward option, the
message is forwarded with the failure notice.
Informs the user of each step of the sending process, prior to actual
Monitors the delivery of local and network mail. A large amount of
information can be gathered about each step of the message's entry into
the transport system by specifying both this and the -verbose option.
Specifies the length of header lines containing addresses.
The defaults for the send command are:
file defaults to <mh-dir>/draft
Use send to send the draft message to the specified recipients. You
normally choose send as one of the options from the whatnow program.
However, you can use send just like any other MH command.
If you do not have a draft folder set up, messages are created in a file
called draft in your Mail directory. The draft message remains in the file
draft until it is either sent or deleted. This means that you can only have
one draft message at a time. If you do have a draft folder set up, or if
you have specified one using the -draftfolder option, the draft message is
created in this folder, which enables you to store multiple draft messages.
For more information, see comp(1).
The command send will normally search for the draft message in the file
draft or in your draft folder and cause it to be delivered to each of the
destinations in the To:, cc:, Bcc:, and Fcc: fields of the message. If
send is redistributing a message, as invoked from dist, the corresponding
Resent-xxx fields are examined instead. The delivery is carried out using
If you wish to send a named file instead of an existing draft message, you
can specify the file as the file argument. If you do not give an absolute
pathname (one beginning with / or ./ or ../ ) send assumes that the named
file is in your directory. Note that the file must be formatted as a legal
mail message. If you want to send an existing mail message rather than a
named file, you should use the -draftfolder or -draftmessage option.
Once the transport system has successfully received the message, the mail
system will rename the file with a leading comma. This allows it to be
retrieved until the next draft message is sent. If there are errors in the
formatting of the message, send will abort and issue an error message.
If the environment variable $SIGNATURE is set, then its value is used as
your personal name when constructing the From: line of the message. If this
variable is not set, then send will consult the profile entry Signature:
for this information.
If send is redistributing a message (when invoked by dist), then the mail
system will prepend Resent- to each of these fields: From, Date, and
Message-ID. If the message already contains a From: field, then the mail
system will add a Sender: user@local field add as well.
If an Fcc: field is encountered, the mail system copies the message to the
specified folder for the sender in the format in which it appears to any
normal recipients of the message. That is, it includes the fields appended
by the mail system, and the fields are re-formatted. The Fcc: fields are
removed from all outgoing copies of the message.
If the message includes a Bcc: field, recipients in this field receive a
new copy of the message, which includes the body text of the original
message. The new message has a minimal set of headers. The Bcc: field does
not appear on copies of the message sent to recipients in the To: and cc:
Prior to sending the message, the mail system appends Date: and From: to
the headers in the message, for example:
Date: Wed, 07 June 1989 11:18:00 WET
For this version, the -mts option only supports the value smtp. Additional
values are supported for use only with other mail systems.
Path: To determine the user's MH directory
Draft-Folder: To determine the default draft folder
Signature: To determine the user's mail signature
mailproc: Program to post failure notices
postproc: Program to post the message
The user profile.
comp(1), dist(1), forw(1), repl(1), mh-alias(4), post(8)
listing for S