listing for D
dtpad - edit text files
dtpad [-options] [file]
The dtpad utility does not support the X/Open Utility Syntax Guidelines
because it uses the X Window System convention of full-word options. The
following options are available:
Basic Command Line Options
Automatically and silently saves the current text when there are
unsaved changes and the Text Editor is closed. The default action for
this situation posts a dialog asking whether or not to save the current
text. This option inhibits the posting of the Save dialog when the Text
Editor is closed. The Save dialog is always posted when a new file is
specified and there are unsaved changes.
Posts a Warning dialog whenever a file name is specified and the file
does not exist or cannot be accessed.
Disables the Warning dialog posted whenever a file is specified for
which the user does not have write permission. The default posts a
Warning dialog whenever this situation occurs.
Indicates that the default file name associated with the current text
is not to change when the text is saved under a name different than
what it was read in under. The current text can still be saved under a
different file name; however, the default file name does not change. By
default, the default file name is automatically changed to correspond
to the last name under which the current text was saved.
Disallows editing of text in the edit window, essentially turning the
Text Editor into a text viewer. The default allows text editing in the
edit window even if the text was obtained from a file for which the
user does not have write permission.
Displays a status line at the bottom of the edit window. The status
line shows the line number of the line where the text cursor is
currently positioned. The text cursor can be positioned to a specific
line by selecting the line number window in the status line, typing the
desired number and pressing the Return key. Normally, a status line is
Initially turns on wrap-to-fit mode. Wrap-to-fit mode can be toggled on
or off via the Edit menu Wrap-to-fit button and normally is initially
Displays the edit window for the current invocation of the Text Editor
in the specified workspace or workspaces. The default displays the edit
window in the workspace in which the Text Editor was invoked. The
workspace_list argument specifies a blank-separated list of CDE
workspaces. If more than one workspace is specified, the list must be
enclosed in quotes.
Restores the Text Editor to all text editing windows and settings that
were in effect at a previous CDE shutdown. All other command-line
options are ignored when this option is specified. The session_file
argument specifies a Text Editor session file, previously saved at
session shutdown by the Text Editor, to be used to restore the Text
Editor to its state at shutdown.
Client and Server Control Options
Forces the current invocation of the Text Editor to do its own text
processing in its own window, independent of the Text Editor server.
This is useful for displaying the Text Editor with an environment
different from that of other edit windows controlled by the server as,
for example, to specify a different locale or different color
resources. The Text Editor still supports file drag and drop in this
Terminates the Text Editor requestor process as soon as the Text Editor
server determines that it can handle the requestor's edit request. If
this option is not specified, the requestor blocks, terminating only
when it receives notification from the server that its edit window has
Forces a Text Editor server to be started up (if one is not already
running) to process all subsequent edit requests for the display. These
edit requests are normally generated by subsequent invocations of the
Text Editor without the -standAlone command-line option and cause the
server to create a separate edit window to handle each request. Users
normally do not need to use this option since the initial edit request
for the display causes the CDE to start a Text Editor server
Specifies that the Text Editor server process is to terminate when the
last edit window for the display is closed. It should only be used with
the -server option since it only applies to the server process. If this
option is not specified, the Text Editor server remains active
indefinitely, even when all active edit windows have been closed.
The following operand is supported:
The file to be edited or viewed. If no file is specified, the Text
Editor opens a new (empty) edit window and the file name must be
specified when the contents are saved.
The dtpad utility is a basic editor that supports editing text files in a
manner consistent with other common Graphical User Interface text
manipulation and file access mechanisms. Cursor positioning and text
selection as well as access to various edit operations can be done via the
standard Motif text manipulation mechanisms using the mouse or user-
definable key combinations. Text can be cut, copied or pasted, or dragged
to and from the Text Editor and/or other compliant application windows via
the standard Motif Clipboard and ICCCM Primary and Secondary selection
mechanisms. Also, standard dialogs are presented for accessing files and
The Text Editor also provides the following features:
· Pull down menus for common edit and file operations.
· Undo of the previous edit operation.
· Search and replace.
· Spell checking.
· Simple formatting.
· Wrap-to-fit and overstrike modes.
· Optional status line - allowing cursor positioning by line number.
· Automatic file save on many abnormal termination conditions.
· Mechanism for automatic session save and restore.
In the CDE, the Text Editor can be a drag target for CDE files, allowing a
File Manager file icon to be dropped on a Text Editor window for insertion
in the current text. Also, in CDE, the Text Editor operates in a
transparent client-server mode in which all text editing for a display is
handled by a single Text Editor server process. In this mode, invoking the
Text Editor causes the invoked Text Editor process to be relegated to the
role of a requestor process that simply sends an edit request to the server
process where the actual editing is handled. The server creates and
maintains a separate edit window for each edit request and notifies the
requestor when its edit window is closed. The requestor normally just
blocks until told by the server to exit; however, if the server cannot
honor the edit request (for example, it can't access the directory
containing the requestor's file), the requestor handles the editing by
itself. If a Text Editor server for a display is not running when an edit
request is made, CDE automatically starts one, normally on the CDE session
server (which need not be the same as the requestor's host). The normal
client-server behavior can be disabled or altered via the Client and Server
Control options described under the OPTIONS heading in this manual page.
Modes of Operation
Each instance of the Text Editor operates in one of three modes:
When the Text Editor is started without any overriding command-line
options (that is, -standAlone or -server), it always attempts to run in
this mode. In this mode it simply sends an edit request to a separate
Text Editor server process and then blocks (does nothing) until it
receives a notice from the server when its edit request is done, at
which time it exits. If -noBlocking is specified, it exits immediately
after the server accepts its edit request rather than waiting until the
edit request is done.
If the Text Editor server cannot process the edit request from the Text
Editor instance (for example, the server process doesn't exist or can't
be started, or it can't access the requestor's file), or if -standAlone
is specified on the command line, the Text Editor instance operates in
standAlone mode. In this mode the Text Editor creates its own edit
window and handles all processing for this window on its own. In
addition, it does not handle any edit requests from outside sources and
it exits when its edit window is closed.
When -server is specified on the command line, the Text Editor instance
operates as a server for all Text Editor edit requests for the same
display. That is, it creates a separate edit window and does the actual
editing for all Text Editor instances running to the same display that
do not have -standAlone specified on their command line. Only one Text
Editor server for a display can exist, and in the CDE, this instance is
normally started automatically if it's not running at the time an edit
request is made.
Automatic File Save
The Text Editor automatically saves the current text to a panic save file
before exiting whenever it encounters a panic signal or an internal X
error. Panic signals are signals such as SIGHUP, SIGINT, SIGQUIT, SIGILL,
SIGABRT, SIGIOT, SIGEMT, SIGFPE, SIGBUS, SIGSEGV, SIGSYS, SIGPIPE and
SIGTERM. Internal X errors are both non fatal X Error events (as trapped by
XSetErrorHandler(3X11)), such as a failure in X server memory allocation,
and fatal X errors (as trapped by XSetIOErrorHandler), such as losing the
connection to the X server. The Text Editor constructs the name of the
panic save file by bracketing the file name as supplied by the user (or
noName if none is supplied) with enough number symbols (#) to make the name
Wrap-to-fit Mode and Formatting
Wrap-to-fit mode and text formatting are essentially independent
operations. Wrap-to-fit mode pertains to the dynamic display of lines, as
delimited by newline characters, which exceed the width of the Text Editor
window and is based on the left and right window boundaries. When wrap-to-
fit mode is off (the default), each line of text is displayed on a single
line on the display and text entered at the right window boundary causes
the window to scroll automatically to the right to accommodate the new text
until an actual newline character is entered (normally, by pressing the
Return key). When wrap-to-fit mode is on, lines longer than the window
width are automatically wrapped at the right window margin to one or more
display lines, and text entered at the right window boundary is
automatically broken on a word boundary to the first column of the next
display line. Wrap-to-fit mode is dynamic in that wrapped lines are
automatically adjusted when text is inserted or deleted or when the window
is resized. Wrap-to-fit mode only affects the display of lines; it does not
actually insert newline characters in the text.
Text formatting is a static operation that inserts actual newline (and/or
space ) characters directly in the text to match it to the left and right
margins (and justification mode) specified in the Format Settings dialog.
Format settings affect text only when explicitly applied and have no affect
on wrap-to-fit mode or previously formatted text. Initially, and whenever
the window is resized, the right format margin is automatically set to the
window width to match the wrap-to-fit boundary.
The following exit values are returned:
0 Successful completion.
>0 An error occurred.
The dtpad utility supports the specific Text Editor resources described
here plus the standard resources related to the Text Editor widget
hierarchy. The main widgets that make up the Text Editor hierarchy are
shown under this heading to aid in specifying resources. The widget
instance name is shown first, followed by the widget class name in
parentheses. Indentation indicates hierarchical structure.
The client-server architecture of dtpad restricts the scope of resources
that can be specified for individual edit windows that the Text Editor
server handles. For efficiency, only the resources specific to the Text
Editor are passed on the Text Editor server. None of the standard widget
resources, except for geometry, are passed on from the requestor Text
Editor to the Text Editor server. These resources are loaded according to
the environment on the server's host at the time the server is started up.
If more control is required, the -standAlone command-line option is used to
create a separate, stand alone dtpad process where any and all of the
standard resources, such as fontList or colors, can be loaded according to
the environment on the requestor's host.
Name Class Type Default
saveOnClose SaveOnClose Boolean False
readOnlyWarning ReadOnlyWarning Boolean True
nameChange NameChange Boolean True
viewOnly ViewOnly Boolean False
statusLine StatusLine Boolean False
wrapToFit WrapToFit Boolean False
workspaceList WorkspaceList String NULL
session Session String NULL
Indicates whether the Text Editor is to save automatically the current
text when there are unsaved changes and the Text Editor is closed.
Setting this resource to True automatically saves unsaved changes when
the Text Editor is closed. This is equivalent to specifying the
-saveOnClose command-line option.
Indicates whether a warning dialog is to be posted when a file is
specified that does not exist or cannot be accessed. Setting this
resource to True displays the warning. This is equivalent to specifying
the -missingFileWarning command-line option.
Indicates whether a warning dialog is to be posted when a file for
which the user does not have write permission is read. Setting this
resource to False suppresses the warning. This is equivalent to
specifying the -noReadOnlyWarning command-line option.
Indicates whether the current file name is to be changed when the
current text is saved under a new name. Setting this resource to False
does not allow the name to be reset. This is equivalent to specifying
the -noNameChange command-line option.
Indicates whether text only be viewed or whether it can be edited in
the edit window. Setting this resource to True disables text editing.
This is equivalent to specifying the -viewOnly command-line option.
Indicates whether the Text Editor is to display the status line at the
bottom of the edit window. Setting this resource to True displays the
status line. This is equivalent to specifying the -statusLine command-
Indicates whether the Text Editor is to enable wrap-to-fit mode when
the editor is started. Setting this resource to True enables wrap-to-
fit mode. This is equivalent to specifying the -wrapToFit command-line
Indicates which workspace or workspaces the Text Editor is to be
displayed in. This is equivalent to specifying the -workspaceList
Specifies the saved session file to use in restoring a previously saved
Text Editor session. This is equivalent to specifying the -session
Client And Server Control Resources
Name Class Type Default
standAlone StandAlone Boolean False
blocking Blocking Boolean True
server Server Boolean False
exitOnLastClose ExitOnLastClose Boolean False
Specifies whether the Text Editor is to run as a separate, independent
Text Editor process without using the Text Editor server. Setting this
resource to True invokes a separate, independent process. This is
equivalent to specifying the -standAlone command-line option.
Specifies that the client Text Editor process is not to terminate until
receiving notification from the Text Editor server that the user exited
or closed its edit window. Setting this resource to False causes the
client process to exit immediately when the server determines that it
can handle its edit request. This is equivalent to specifying the
-noBlocking command-line option.
Specifies that the Text Editor is to be started in server mode to
handle all processing for all subsequent edit requests for the display.
Setting this resource to True is equivalent to specifying the -server
Specifies that the Text Editor server is to terminate when the last
edit window for the display is closed. Setting this resource to True is
equivalent to specifying the -exitOnLastClose command-line option.
The following ToolTalk Desktop and Media requests are supported by the Text
Text in an arbitrary codeset
Data that does not match any other data type
In addition, the Text Editor supports the messages below for any media type
that does not have a specific editor registered.
The following messages are supported from the Media Exchange message set:
Opens a new edit window for composing arbitrary file(s).
Opens a new edit window for editing an existing file or buffer or for
composing a specific new file or buffer.
Opens a new edit window for displaying an existing file or buffer.
The following messages are supported from the Desktop message set:
Terminates the text editing services or closes a specific Text Editor
edit window as specified by the operation2Quit argument. The
operation2Quit argument must be the message ID of the Media Exchange
request that created the edit window.
The default actions for notifying the user, saving or returning text
and closing edit windows are:
· If operation2Quit is specified, the specified edit window is
closed; otherwise, all edit windows are closed and the text
editing services are terminated
· If there are unsaved changes, the user is notified and allowed to
save the text and/or abort the Quit; otherwise, the user is not
notified and the text is not saved (or returned if a buffer is
Both the silent and force arguments are supported. However, the
semantics of silent differ from the Desktop message set in that the
text editing services provides user notification only when there are
unsaved changes, rather than user notification when an edit window is
terminated. The following table describes variances in the default
action for various combination of silent and force.
silent force action
False False default
If there are unsaved changes, the
user is not notified, the text is
not saved and the edit window is
If there are unsaved changes, the
user is still notified and
allowed to save the text, but
cannot abort the Quit.
If there are unsaved changes, the
user is not notified, the text is
not saved and the edit window is
Whenever the Quit request is not carried out (i.e., in the default case
when the user explicitly aborts the Quit or when silent is True and
force is not specified or is False), the Quit request is failed with
Saves a specific edit window opened via an Edit request. The ID
argument must have the messageID vtype and have the value of the
message ID of the Edit request that created the edit window.
Sent when a file has been saved, as the result of a Save request or a
CONSEQUENCES OF ERRORS
The following environment variables affect the execution of dtpad:
Specify the default X Windows display to connect to.
Provide a default value for the internationalization variables that are
unset or null. If LANG is unset or null, the corresponding value from
the implementation-specific default locale will be used. If any of the
internationalization variables contains an invalid setting, the utility
behaves as if none of the variables had been defined.
If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of all the
other internationalization variables.
Determine the locale that is used to affect the format and contents of
diagnostic messages written to standard error and informative messages
written to standard output.
Determine the location of message catalogues for the processing of
Text Editor Application Defaults.
Text Editor Message Catalog.
Text Editor Help Volume.
Contains Text Editor action definitions used by the Text Editor.
ToolTalk process-types file containing message definitions used by the
Panic save file (see "AutomaticFile)
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