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Turkish, turkish - Introduction to Turkish language support
This reference page describes the coded character set (codeset), locale,
device, font, and other kinds of support for the Turkish language.
The operating system supports the following codesets for Turkish by means
of locales, codeset converters, or both:
· ISO 8859-9 (ISO Latin 5)
ISO8859-9 is the string that represents this codeset in names of
locales and codeset converters. See iso8859-9(5) for more information.
· UTF-16, UCS-4, and UTF-8
UTF-16, UCS-4, and UTF-8 are the strings that represent these encoding
formats in names of locales and codeset converters. See Unicode(5) for
· PC code pages
cp850, cp852, cp857, and cp1254 are the strings that represent these
encoding formats in the names of codeset converters. See code_page(5)
for more information.
See i18n_intro(5) and l10n_intro(5) for introductory information on
codesets. See iconv_intro(5) for a discussion of codeset converters and how
to use them.
The operating system provides the following locales for the Turkish
language and Turkey:
The tr_TR.ISO8859-9@ucs4 variant of this locale is also available for
applications that need to convert file data in ISO8859-9 format to
UCS-4 process code in order to perform certain character-
UTF-8 locales support file code and internal process code according to
ISO 10646 and Unicode standards. File code, in UTF-8 locales, may
include characters encoded in more than 1 byte; therefore, use these
locales in applications that can process multibyte data. The UTF-8
locale supports the euro monetary symbol; see euro(5).
You can use the locale command (see locale(1)) to find out which locales
are installed on your system. See i18n_intro(5) for information on setting
a locale from the operating system command line.
In the Common Desktop Environment (CDE), you need to set a locale by
setting the session language. To do this, from the Options menu of the
Login window, choose Language. Then, from the Language options menu, choose
a session language.
The operating system supports the following VT-style and PC-style keyboards
with Turkish characters printed on the keys:
VT-Style (105/108 keys) PC-Style (102 keys)
For your keyboard to function correctly with your system, you must load a
keyboard mapping table (keymap) that is appropriate for your keyboard's
model and language. If you load a keymap that does not correspond to your
keyboard's model and language, your keyboard behavior is unpredictable. The
label located on the bottom surface of a keyboard usually specifies its
model (five-letter code) and language (two-letter code). See keyboard(5)
for general information on keymaps and instructions for loading them in
different formats. The following tables supply Turkish-specific
information that you need when loading keymaps.
Selecting keymaps in xkb format:
For VT-Style For PC-Style
Keyboard: Select: Keyboard: Select:
LK411-DP lk411 LK471-BW lk471bw or lk471
LK411-TW lk411 LK97W-BW lk97wbuw or lk97w
LK461-DP lk461 PCXAL-MU pcxalmu
LK411-DP lk411 LK471-BU lk471bu or lk471
LK411-TW lk411 LK97W-BU lk97wbu or lk97w
LK461-DP lk461 PCXAL-JU pcxalju
LK461-TW lk461 PCXAL-LU pcxallu
Selecting keymaps in xmodmap format:
PCXAL-MU turkish f pcxalmu
PCXAL-JU turkish q pcxalju
PCXAL-LU turkish q pcxallu
Keyboards can have keys with characters printed on both the left and right
half of the keycap. The way you set or use your keyboard to send different
sets of characters varies from one keyboard model to another. Furthermore,
your keyboard allows you to enter more characters than those printed on the
keycaps. See keyboard(5) for information on how to enter characters.
The PostScript fonts available for languages supported by the ISO 8859-9
codeset are listed in iso8859-9(5).
See i18n_printing(5) for a discussion of printer support options.
Others: code_page(5), i18n_intro(5), i18n_printing(5), iconv_intro(5),
iso8859-9(5), keyboard(5), l10n_intro(5), Unicode(5)
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